London – new buses, old typeface?

Electric buses on route 63

In the first months of 2022, electric buses were rolled out on route 63 (see ianVisits and others).

The destinations on these buses are ‘electric’ as well. They are very bright, and they look fantastic, namely because no more condensed versions of the Johnston typeface are used, or so it seems.

Let’s have a closer look.

Technology

The letters are constructed from white dots, presumably LED:

Looking at them closely shows that the LEDs have the ability to vary in brightness. If you follow the outline of the letter o all around, it becomes quite clear:

The technology used here is very similar to the one discussed briefly in another post (see here). It is a technology that is, in my opinion, a big step further than the one used in dot matrix displays.

Typeface used

In 2016 the Johnston100 typeface was released. Therefore it could be assumed that what we see on the electric buses would be the Johnston100 typeface. Even more so because the Bus graphic standard says that it’s mandatory. It seems, however, that such an assumption would be wrong. What we see is not Johnston100, and it is not New Johnston either, but it is probably a digitisation of a very early version of Johnston. Maybe someone just digitised old Johnston letterforms found on old destination blinds.

Maybe these two comparisons are helpful:

Bus destination and Johnston100 compared. This comparison makes it quite clear that the typeface on the bus destination is not Johnston100. There just are too many differences. For a start the x-heights don’t match (Johnston100 has a much larger x-height). Then some letterforms like H a k don’t match at all. And the letters n r look different as well – in Johnston100 the curved bit comes out of the stem in a completely different manner.

Bus destination compared to the original Johnston letterforms (as shown in Justin Howes’ book Johnston’s Underground type). They’re much closer.

So there we are. The bus is new, the display is new, but the typeface used is not. I’m not saying there’s anything wrong with that. It’s just interesting to find out, that’s all.

Side note on the New Routemaster (roughly a decade ago)

There’s kind of a tradition not  to use the newest typeface available. When the New Routemaster buses were rolled out about a decade ago, the typeface that had to be used would have been New Johnston. But again we saw a preference for a much earlier version of Johnston.

Here’s a comparison of 

  • a photograph of a 453 bus, taken in 2015;
  • the original Johnston letterforms as shown by Justin Howes in his book;
  • and New Johnston Light (TfL Design standard, Basic elements, January 2009).

Note that the letterforms that you see on the destination blind are not identical with the original Johnston letterforms. Such divergences were common as the Johnston letterforms were not only a typeface but also templates applied by painters with high accuracy, but not 100% identically.

 

 

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